What are Corns and Calluses?

Corns and calluses are basically thickening of skin caused by friction and pressure in our feet. Corns are mostly round in shape and they develop from within deep layers of the skin below, which can be painful at times.

Causes of Corns and Calluses?

Corns develop mostly due to wearing tight fitted shoes that restricts the blood flow. Corns can be either had or soft depending upon the area they grow. Hard corns are formed mostly on the toes (pinky toe) and the softer ones can be seen in between the toes (usually between the 4th and 5th toes). It’s the sweat that keeps them moist and hence soft and that is the reason why they might become infectious sometimes.

Hammertoe and other deformities of the toe can lead to the formation of these.

Calluses on the other hand grow on the underside of our feet. Too much walking or running is one of the reasons for their formation. They are broader in area and are mostly non painful.

Salicylic acid is used in most products for removal of corns and calluses. Salicylic acid is a keratolytic and it dissolves the protein keratin which forms the layers in a corn or callus.

Consult with Your Local Podiatrist to Remove Corns and Calluses

A podiatrist can pare corns and calluses with a scalpel if salicylic acid proves to be non-effective. Sometimes repeated and regular trimming sessions are required. You can visit our podiatry clinic – HSMC for the same. Once it is trimmed, it is advisable to clean the area with a pumice stone every week and keep it moisturized to prevent it from growing again.

Podiatrist can also advice for engineered foot orthopedic insoles so that pressure on the foot does not pinpoint on the callus. Sometimes this can be taken care of by cushions and footpads.

Corns and calluses should not be self-operated, more so by patients of diabetes and people above the age of 65.

Corns and calluses are not serious problems. Most of them can be treated with medical treatment. Surgery is rarely required until there is an infection. Surgery can also be performed in certain cases where bones are sticking out or to correct any other foot deformity.


Arch pain is a very broad category which is consist of different types of pains. Though anyone might face arch pain but it’s more common among older people and women. Arch is basically comprised of tarsal and metatarsal bones and some ligaments and tendons. When any of these bones or ligaments or tendons are injured or weakened or stretched you might feel a pain in the arch which is commonly termed as Arch pain. This is a very normal phenomena and almost 10% people suffers for this. So if you fall among those 10%, nothing to worry, many people face it and cure it as well.

Causes and Prevention:

Causes of Arch Pain:

There are different types of Arch pain and for different types of Arch pain causes are also different. We have already covered few types of arch pain which you can refer to but trying to cover almost all type of arch pain here.

  1. Plantar Fasciitis – Check this article
  2.  Stress Fractures – Few bones can be damaged by overuse. So if you are running on a hard surface, this is time when you should recheck and rethink.
  3. Ligament Injury – Apart from bones ligaments are also equally important. Sometimes because of some accident, or some unwanted activities, for example landing awkwardly or twisting of the heel can lead to ligament injury.
How to Prevent Arch Pain:
  • Don’t be an overweight
  • Don’t run on hard surface
  • Don’t walk or stand too long
  • Don’t wear shoes which are not comfortable, don’t wear high heel shoes
Treatment of Arch Pain:

Most of times arch pain doesn’t become very serious and can easily be treated without any surgery. Firstly check out this plantar fasciitis page where we have mentioned different exercise you can do to reduce arch pain and improve your arch. Few other important treatments would be

  1. Use orthotic or shoe inserts
  2. Start using arch support
  3. Wear comfortable shoes
  4. As mentioned in the other article, do continue these exercises
  5. Apply ice 3-4 times on your arch.

After doing all these activities ideally you should feel some relief and after a certain time your arch pain should be gone. If that doesn’t happen do contact with our UAE based podiatrists and we will guide you to the next step.


Diabetic Foot Problems

High blood sugar levels in our body can lead to nerve damage and poor blood circulation. Diabetics related foot problems can be a nightmare if not treated at the proper time. Even a small infection can take a very longer time to heal because of poor blood circulation. The situation can turn worse to become a gangrene and then it might be necessary to amputate that part off the body. So it’s better that we become cautious at an early stage.
Diabetics related problems in the foot can lead to loss of sensation to heat, cold or touch. There can be thickening of toe nails, blisters and ulcers, warts and corns in the affected part of the feet. There might be a burning sensation as well as pain in our foot.

Diabetic Foot Care Tips

1. Wash your feet: Make sure that you wash your feet every day with a mild soap and warm water. The water should not be very hot and you should check it before your legs are exposed to them.
2. Pat Dry: It is extremely important to carefully pat dry your feet. Moist environment becomes an amicable host for the breeding of various infections. It’s also necessary to dry the area between your toes as well.
3. Moisturize dry skin: If you feel that your feet are rough or dry then only use a gentle lotion. Do not use lotion between your toes.
4. Avoid walking bare foot: Walking bare foot can cause injuries and can get infected easily.
5. Inspect your feet: Inspect your feet every day for any sores, bruises, or cuts.
6. Never attempt to remove any foot lesions or corns and warts by yourself. Also do not use any antiseptic liquids on cuts and bruises. Immediately see your doctor or podiatrist. If your feet is in a very bad condition, do not stand in once place for a very long time. It’s advisable to wear cushioned natural fiber made socks.
7. Tight shoes are not recommended. Choose comfortable well fitted shoes at all times.

If these DIY tips doesn’t work for you, consult with our Abu Dhabi Podiatrists. We can give you the best solution for your feet! Give us a call on 02 633 0515 / 055 511 6072 and get an appointment today.


Why You Need Vitamin D?

From our very childhood we have been hearing form our mothers about the importance Vitamin D in our bodies. Though many of us might know that it is actually important but not many people know why! So here’s a short preview of the importance of Vitamin D. We are pretty sure after reading this article the next time you encounter sunlight, you might not dislike it.

Bone Density and Growth

Have you ever heard of a person who has soft bones and you have always wondered what could be the probable cause of it! The probable answer is deficiency of Vitamin D. Vitamin D is mostly needed in our body for absorbing Calcium. Lesser the absorption of calcium in our body, softer the bone is. Also lesser calcium percentage might hamper proper growth of bones as well. But the importance of Vitamin is not limited to this, here are few other important aspects of Vitamin D.

Reducing Risk of Multiple Diseases

1. Sclerosis is a disease where the immune system ends up eating the protecting coverings of nerves. Vitamin D reduces the risk of having this disease.
2. Vitamin D also reduces the risk of heart related problems.
3. It also helps in prevention of flu

Fighting Depression

In one study it was found that people who suffer from anxiety and depression often show improvement if Vitamin D is administered to them. Vitamin D plays a vital role in mood swings, anxiety problem and depression.

Losing weight

In case you are carrying some extra pounds in your body and you are just not comfortable about it, you might want to add some Vitamin D to your diet. According to scientists extra calcium and Vitamin D has an appetite suppressing effect.
So the next big question is, where to get Vitamin D from? Yes, we have answers for that too, just keep reading


Yes, the oldest and yet the most effective way to get some Vitamin D.

Vitamin D tablets, liquids, and supplements

In case you are suffering from Vitamin D deficiency, do consult a doctor. Your doctor might prescribe you some vitamin D tablets or liquids or supplements. Guess what, you can buy these online from Propharma now. To buy them, click here.

Strong: Food sources
And obviously another organic and natural way of having some Vitamin D would be from food. Here are a list of few food items which are rich in Vitamin D. Do consider them in your diet.
• Egg yolk
• Salmon, Tuna, Mackerel
• Sardines
• Milk (fortified)
• Orange juice (fortified)
• Cereal (fortified)
• Yogurt (fortified)
• Beef liver
• Cheese

So go out, soak some sun, have some vitamin D enriched food, take some Vitamin D tablets and live a healthy life.


What is Plantar Warts?

Warts are infections on the skin caused by one particular strain of human papillomavirus (HPV). Warts which grow on the plantar surface (Bottom) of the foot are known as plantar warts. Warts are mostly non painful in nature. However, depending on the area and size of the wart it might prove to be a cause of irritation and pain. Plantar warts can be seen in all age groups but they are most common amongst high school going children.

Causes of Plantar Warts

• Using public showers can cause plantar warts
• If you like to swim you should know that swimming pools can be a reason for warts too
• Some kind of wound, friction on the skin sometimes might cause plantar wart
• Weakened immune system can also be the probable causes for the spread of infection.
Plantar warts are non-malignant and non-cancerous, in fact in about sometime most warts go away without any treatment. The size of the warts is 2-3 cms in general. However some warts may grow bigger and other might just might take the shape of little colonies.

Treatment of Plantar Warts

Home Remedy for Plantar Warts:

There are various ways of treating the wart at home. Duct tape is one such home remedy. A small strip can be placed over the wart and left for a few days. It can be removed just by peeling of the duct tape. The peeling method can be applied with salicylic acid as well.

Visit our clinic:

1. Cryotherapy: If you visit our podiatry clinic our doctor might suggest you to go for cryotherapy. Cryotherapy is basically done to freeze the wart by applying liquid nitrogen to it. Usually the dead tissue falls of within a week or so. Sometimes it might take you a few sittings with us to get rid of the wart completely.
Other popular treatments are,
1. Laser Treatment
2. Minor Surgery
3. Vaccination

Although warts are mostly non painful yet they might prove to be very unbecoming for us at certain situations. They become a cause for embarrassment for us in social gatherings and can indirectly be the cause of our low self-esteem. So it’s extremely important that they should be treated


What is Ingrown Toenails?

The medical term for ingrown toenails is onychocryptosis. It is a condition that can affect any of our toenails but the most usual area is the big toe. It is a painful manifestation of the nail to grow deep inside our skin and pierce through the tissues. Redness and swelling are the symptoms of it. It can become severe in cases where it may form a boil and to generate puss. Ingrown toenails are most common among adults. It rarely affects children. Athletes suffer quite frequently from ingrown toenails.

Possible Causes of Ingrown Toenails

• A pre existing fungal infection on the toes and cause the nails to grow abruptly without a proper shape.
• Ingrown toenails can be a persistent problem in a particular family. Basically it depends on the shape of your nails. The more round it is, the greater the risk.
• A pre existing or repetitive injury on the toenail will eventually make it thick. This type of injury is common amongst sports persons.
• Wearing very tight shoes will put an abnormally high pressure on the nails, causing them to grow erratically.
• Lastly factors like how we trim our nails, how we maintain our feet hygiene, the types of shoes we wear, all these can be triggers for the growth of ingrown toenails.

Treatment of Ingrown Toenails

• The treatment for the problem varies according to its severity. If the wound is minor it can be easily treated at home.
• Soak your feet in a mixture of warm water with vinegar or Epsom salts daily for 10 mins. Maintain foot hygiene. Trim your nails from time to time but remember not to cut them too short.
• However if the ingrown nails forms a fungal infection with puss formation then it is advised to visit our clinic HSMC. Upon examining the condition, it is possible that our podiatrist may suggest for a small surgery. The surgery will basically be to clean up the wound, elevate and cut off the ingrown and a dressing afterwards. Antibiotics are also prescribed generally. With the permission of the doctor, it is ok to take mild painkillers to get relief from excessive pain.


What causes Sweaty Feet?

Perspiration is a natural anatomical phenomenon. It helps us in flushing out toxins from our body. But this natural process of secretion becomes a problem when in excessive, specially from our feet. Excessive sweating is also known as plantar hyperhidrosis. Doing any activity means that we are sweating all the time. In a normal environment the sweat evaporates quickly but under certain conditions and amongst certain people this sweat gets trapped within the glands. As a result it becomes a home for bacteria to grow. This bacteria produces a foul smell which almost all the time leaves us in an embarrassing situation.
Plantar hyperhidrosis, if not treated properly, can lead to other problems like itchiness, redness, fungal nail infection, athlete’s foot etc.

Causes for Excessive Sweating in the Feet:

1. Hereditary: It’s absolutely possible that some people are born with more sweat glands than others, which will cause them to sweat more compared to others.
2. Food and lifestyle: Toxins such as alcohol and food with oily substances like trans-fats can cause excessive sweating.
3. The nature and fabric of shoes and socks that we wear on a daily basis: Closed shoes and shoes made from rubber and plastic materials don’t let our feet to breathe. Similar is the case with socks made up of Nylon and others such polyesters.

Treatment Tips for Excessive Sweaty Feet:

1. Wash your feet every day with an anti-bacterial soap. Make sure you dry them properly with a soft towel or a hair dryer.
2. Use and antiperspirant roll-on a regular basis underneath your feet. These roll-ons are meant not only for your underarms but can be used in other parts of your body to prevent excessive sweating. It forms a thin layer and blocks the pores of the sweat glands.
3. Wear cotton socks as much as possible. Remember not to repeat them without washing. Natural fibers like cotton soak up the moisture.
4. Try to take your walks barefoot and allow your feet to breathe. Do not wear the same pair of shoes every day.
5. Soak your feet into a mixture of apple cider vinegar and water for 15 minutes every day. The ratio should be in half is to quarter.
6. Another fruitful method is to soak your feet in tea water. Dip about 10 tea bags into half a litre of water and then soak your feet for 15 minutes every day.

If the problem, persist even after all these remedies then talk to our professional podiatrist about your problem at HSMC. We can help you to reduce both sweating and foot odor.

Our contact details are below:
P.O. Box. 44548, 1st Floor Office #41 Office Tower,
BHS Building, Hamdan Street, Abu Dhabi – UAE


There’s a saying that we don’t understand the value of our teeth till the time we have it. Similar is the case with nails. Nails are nothing but cluster of dead epithelial cells that grow from the ends of fingers and toes. Most often we think that nails don’t play any major role other than the purpose of beautification in women. But that is hardly the fact. Nails aid in protection and help us in picking up small objects.

Factors Instigating Nail Infection

Fungi thrive in warm and moist environment. Sometimes our nails serve as appropriate hosts for fungi to grow. Fungal infection of toes and fingernails affect men more than women. Factors that accelerate the chances of having fungal infection on nails are many, which are as follows:
1. Diabetes is one of the most common factor that causes nail infection.
2. Poor blood circulation, which is a common phenomenon in the older generation can be another factor.
3. It can also be contracted from someone else who has/had fungal infection and you come in contact with the person.
4. Manicures and pedicures in unhygienic and non-sanitized equipment used in salons can be a major risk factor.
5. Wearing non breathable socks and closed tight shoes for prolonged hours provides a hospitable environment for fungi to reproduce.

Treatment of Nail Infection

For fungal nail infections prevention is better than cure. But if you are already affected by one then here are few solutions.
1. The best thing to do is to rush to a doctor. Treatment isn’t a guarantee to get rid of the infection completely as there is a high probability of the infection to recur.
2. Visit our HSMC clinic, we take good care of your nails by keeping them trimmed and clean. We provide world class podiatry services under perfectly sanitized conditions in our clinic. Our team of doctors may prescribe an oral anti-fungal medication such as Lamisil or Sporanox.
3. Depending on the type of infection and the severity of the wound, you may have to use medications for a few months.
A fungal infection can be severe to the extent that it might result in complete loss of the nail, therefore it is advisable for diabetic patients to be more careful.


Are the arches on the inside of your feet flattened in a way that allows the entire sole to touch the floor when you stand up? If yes, you are suffering from Flat feet.

What are Flat Feet or Fallen Arches?

When we look at an adult foot from the inside, we usually notice an upward curve in the middle called an arch. The arch is formed by Tendons which are tight bands that attach the heel and foot bones. Several tendons in our feet and lower leg work together to form the arches in our foot.When all the tendons pull the proper amount, our foot forms a moderate, normal arch. When the tendons do not pull together properly, there is little or no arch. This is the condition called Flat foot or Fallen arch.

Flat feet could be a common and usually a painless condition, when the arches just don’t develop during childhood or in some other cases, it develops after an injury or from the simple wear-and-tear stresses of age.

Flat Feet Signs or Symptoms :

If you aren’t having pain, flat feet does not normally call for any treatment but this condition can sometimes contribute to problems in your ankles and knees as it can lead to alter the alignment of your legs. Most people have no signs or symptoms associated with flatfeet. But some people with flatfeet experience foot pain, particularly in the heel or arch area and this pain may worsen with activity. It can also lead to swelling along the inside of the ankle. Other factors that increase the risk of flat feet include obesity, injury to your foot or ankle, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes and ageing. Arches can fall over time. Years of wear and tear can weaken the tendon that runs along the inside of your ankle and helps support your arch. But nothing to worry, your local Podiatrist at Health & Style Medical Centre is always at your rescue. Just call us on 02 633 0515 / 055 511 6072 to schedule an appointment.

Flat feet in Children:

Flat foot can be quite normal in infants and toddlers as the arch of the foot is still under development in this stage. Generally these arches develop throughout childhood but in some people, these arches may never develop. This is a normal variation in foot type and people without arches may or may not have problems.Some children have flexible flatfoot, a condition in which the arch is visible when the child is sitting or standing on tiptoes but disappears when the child stands. Most children outgrow flexible flatfoot without any problems.

Flat Feet or Fallen Arches Treatment

Wait no longer when the pain factor strikes! Do not ignore your child if they complain of foot pain. You need to seek professional advice to avoid future complications. Visit us at Health & Style Medical Centre, 1st Floor Office, BHS Building, Hamdan Street, Abu Dhabi to find the root cause. We are open Sunday – Thursday (9:00am-6:30pm) and alternate Saturdays too!


Take Care of Your Feet!

Wondering how the care of your feet is related to or even affected by your diabetic condition? Here it goes…Diabetes can reduce the blood supply to your feet. This in turn cancause a loss of feeling termed as peripheral neuropathy. Many times you might not notice if your foot is sore or injured, and sometimes injuries might not heal well leading to further complications.

Foot specialists recommend bringing your blood sugar levels under control to reduce the high risk of complications involved. The need to ensure that your blood pressure and cholesterol levels are also under control is imperative.

Does it sound even more complicated than ever imagined? It’s not … Your local Podiatrist at Health & Style Medical Centre has the answer to your doubts and fears.

We Recommend Some Foot Care Tips as Follows :

Regularly check your feet and keep them clean and free from infection.
Your shoes should fit well and donot wear shoes that squeeze or rub. They are not just uncomfortable but can cause corns, calluses and nail problems that are uncalled for especially with a diabetic condition.
As a precaution, avoid walking barefoot to prevent cuts.
Avoid sitting with your legs crossed so that you do not restrict your blood circulation.
Avoid smoking to protect your feet as smoking impairs blood circulationparticularly in people with diabetes. It can seriously worsen foot and leg problems.
Cut your toenails regularly.
Get corns or hard skin treated by your local podiatrist at Health & Style Medical Centre. Do not wait to seek treatment if blisters and injuries do not heal quickly.
Seek immediate attention and wait no longer if you notice :

any minor breaks in the skin of your foot or discharge seeping from a wound.
The skin over part or all of the foot changes colour and becomes more red, blue or pale.
Extra swelling in your feet where there was a blister or injury.

Help us to help you… Don’t hesitate to call Health and Style Medical Centre on 02 633 0515 / 055 511 6072. Do visit us at our 1st Floor Office, BHS Building, Hamdan Street, Abu Dhabi Schedule an appointment today!

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