Historically, Gout was called the “disease of kings” because they were more likely to have it, due to their eating habits!
So, what’s gout?
Gout is a common type of arthritis, in which small crystals of uric acid are formed in the body fluids, tissues & joints usually the big toe joint, these crystals are formed as a result of hyperuricemia (high uric acid level). Surprisingly, not all patients with hyperuricemia suffer from gout! Sometimes gout symptoms get worse suddenly & flares happen followed by a long period of remission.
Symptoms may include:
- Severe pain
Factors that increase the risk of getting gout
- Having certain health conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes & poor kidney function
- Taking certain medications, such as diuretics.
- Eating or drinking high fructose foods or drinks.
- Following high purines diet by eating too much red meat, salmon & tuna.
Usually, there is no need to treat hyperuricemia if you don’t have gout symptoms. Treatment is used to relieve symptoms during gout attacks or to prevent further ones, treatment options may include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Medicines that help in lowering uric acid in the blood
How can you prevent further gout attacks?
Suddenly, lifestyle changes can help you manage the symptoms
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet & avoid foods high in purines.
- Exercise 150 minutes weekly including walking & cycling.
- Visit your doctor regularly.
- Weight loss, since achieving and maintaining weight may lead to weight loss.