Vitamin D and bone health… What is the relationship?!

You’ve probably heard a lot about vitamin D’s function in strengthening your immunity and protecting you from illnesses during the last year, but is that all it does? Actually, no, as vitamin D plays a role in promoting your overall health thus, vitamin D deficiency may affect your health & the activities you do since it protects you from many diseases & regulates calcium & phosphate in the body to maintain healthy bones, teeth & muscles.

Despite all of Vitamin D’s surprising benefits, we are going to focus on its role in maintaining healthy bone. Vitamin D is essential for good bone health. People with vitamin D deficiency have a higher risk of osteoporosis, therefore they are more likely to have bone fractures.

Are you vulnerable to vitamin D deficiency?

Vitamin D is known as the “sunshine vitamin”, which explains why you are more likely to have a vitamin D deficiency if you do not get enough sunlight, and of course, this possibility increased after working from home. However, it is recommended to take vitamin D daily throughout the year if you:

  • Spend most of your time at home.
  • Wear clothes that cover most of your skin when you go out.
  • Are African or South Asian, your body may not make enough vitamin D from sunlight.

Vitamin D sources

  • Exposure to sunlight, helps your body make vitamin D.
  • Eating foods rich in vitamin D such as red meat & salmon.
  • Taking vitamin D supplements daily such as Provita D 3 tablets.
  • Visiting Health and Style Medical Center where they offer free vitamin D injections.


Manage athlete’s foot & tips for prevention

Athlete’s foot or tinea pedis is a fungal infection of the feet, that can affect anyone! but athletes are more vulnerable to have it since their feet are usually sweety & damp which encourages tinea pedis to grow.
Symptoms of tinea pedis include:

  • Redness
  • Cracked skin
  • Stinging
  • Itching

Symptoms usually appear between the toes.

9 tips for athletes’ foot

  1. Dry your feet, especially between toes.
  2. Use a separate towel for your feet.
  3. Take your shoes off when you are at home.
  4. Wear cotton socks & change them every day.
  5. Avoid rubbing or scratching the affected skin to avoid transmission of infection.
  6. Don’t walk barefoot in public areas like swimming pools.
  7. Don’t share towels, socks, or shoes.
  8. Avoid wearing the same shoes for more than two days in a row.
  9. Wear breathable shoes.


Tinea pedis treatment usually takes two weeks, and you can seek the help of a pharmacist to prescribe the appropriate medications. But you will need to see a doctor if:

  • You do not feel better after using the treatment prescribed by the pharmacist.
  • Your foot is red and painful.
  • You have diabetes.
  • You have had an organ transplant or are undergoing chemotherapy.


Tinea pedis can be prevented by taking simple steps such as:

  • Wash your feet daily with soap & water then dry them well, especially between the toes.
  • Wear flip-flops in public bathrooms.
  • Use talcum powder to reduce sweating.
  • Wear breathable shoes.
  • Change shoes & socks regularly.


Do you need to see a podiatrist?

Your feet deserve special attention, & the podiatrist is the one who can take care of them properly. The
podiatrist is a medical professional who specializes in treating abnormal conditions of the feet and lower
limbs, as well as helps relieve pain, prevent deformities of the feet & correct them, finally gives the
patients tips about how to choose the right footwear.

He can also relieve foot pain & treat common foot problems, including:

  • Nail problems such as thickened toenails or ingrown toenails
  • Fractures and sprains
  • Bunion
  • Diabetic foot
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Athlete’s foot
  • Feet aging
  • Gout & corns
  • Sports injuries of the feet
  • Warts

So, when do you see a podiatrist?

You can always see a podiatrist even if your feet are in a good condition! Because you may need a
treatment session to remove the hard skin or cut your toenails or advice about the shoes you use – you
can bring your shoes- or to make sure that you take care of your feet properly.
For sure, you should consult a specialist if you suffer from any problem related to the feet, such as the
examples mentioned above. The specialist also provides orthopedic devices, which are specially
designed to relieve arch or heel pain & to make your shoes more comfortable.
Podiatrists can also help with more complex foot problems, including preventing, diagnosing & treating
sports and exercise-related injuries.

Now you know when to go to a podiatrist, you just need to book your medical visit by calling 026330515
or 0555116072 at the Health & Style Medical Center in Abu Dhabi.


8 tips to help you relieve heel pain

There are many reasons that can cause heel pain, for example it may be caused by wearing tight shoes
or exercising too much, so you should choose your shoes carefully.But if you already suffer from heel pain, here is some tips that can help:

  1. Rest & raise your heels.
  2. Apply ice packs on your heels for 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours.
  3. Wear comfortable & low-heeled shoes with a soft sole.
  4. Support your heels & ankles by wrapping a bandage around them.
  5. Try stretching exercises regularly.
  6. Take over-the-counter pain killers as paracetamol when needed.
  7. Avoid walking or standing for long periods.
  8. Do not wear high heels or pointed heeled shoes.

But you will need to consult a doctor if:

  • The pain is severe or is preventing you from doing normal activities.
  • The pain gets worse.
  • The pain persists for two weeks after following the aforementioned advice.
  • You feel tingling or numbness in your feet.
  • You have diabetes.

While you should go to the hospital or emergency department immediately if:

  • You have severe pain.
  • You feel dizzy or faint from the pain.
  • There has been a change in the shape of the ankle or foot.
  • Heard a sound when injured.
  • You cannot walk.

Since, these could be signs of heel fracture or broken ankle.


Podiatry! What is it?

Did you know that your feet can tell a lot about your health?! For example, joint stiffness might be a sign of arthritis, but numbness could be a sign of diabetes, while swelling may indicate kidney disease or heart disease.

Therefore, you should devote part of your time to taking care of your feet, & don’t neglect the signs that your feet sent to warn you, especially that your feet health can give a clue about your overall health. For that reason, podiatric medicine was invented, a medical branch dedicated to preventing, diagnosing, treating feet & lower limbs problems, it’s also specialized in the rehabilitation of medical & surgical cases, preventing deformity & correcting it too. Podiatry helps in the diagnosis & treatment of sports injuries of the foot.

Thus, a podiatrist needs to employ several skills, such as patient counseling, asking the patient about his medical history & performing a physical examination to secure a diagnosis & select the most appropriate treatment plan. Clinical evaluation techniques help in the diagnosis & prediction of disease complications since it takes into consideration the patient’s medical & surgical history, the shoes he uses, his profession & lifestyle. The diagnosis is made using various equipment such as vascularscopes or radiology. While computerized techniques are often used to perform gait analysis, these techniques may include a range of motion studies, postural alignment assessments, or dynamic force & pressure studies.

Podiatrists can recommend prescribed foot orthoses that can redistribute pressure; hence they are considered as permanent solutions to treat & prevent corns, callous and necrotic ulceration, & are used in acute & chronic foot conditions such as tendinitis & recurrent ankle sprain to supplement & enhance clinical care.

What are you waiting for after knowing the importance of foot care? Visit Health & Style Medical Center to get the necessary care, just book your medical visit by calling 026330515 or 0555116072



3 common causes of foot pain

Feet bears your body weight, but many of us neglect them & don’t take care of them. Foot pain can limit your mobility; hence we should not ignore the pain of the feet, especially it may be caused by infections, fractures, sprains, or even nerve damage!

1. Pain in the ball of the foot:

The ball of the foot is the padded portion of the sole between the arch & toes. Pain may occur due to nerve or joint damage.

Treatment may include:

  • Taking steroid injections.
  • Wearing supportive pads to relieve pain.
  • In some cases, surgery is performed.

2. Plantar Fasciitis:

Severe pain in the heel especially when standing after rest characterizes plantar fasciitis, which is more common in women & people who are overweight or suffer from flat feet.

Treatment may include:

  • Rest
  • Applying ice packs
  • Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Stretching

3. Achilles tendon injury:

The largest tendon in our bodies is Achilles tendon. Achilles tendinitis is a common condition that occurs due to tendon inflammation. Symptoms of the injury may include swelling, mild pain after workout & exercise that gradually get worse & stiffness that disappears after a warm-up of the tendon

Treatment may include:

  • Rest & massage
  • Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Supportive devices
  • Stretching
  • Surgery


Although these were the most common causes of foot pain, there are many other causes; hence you should always consult a doctor for proper diagnose & the right treatment for you. Also, you can call us on 026330515 or 0555116072 to book a medical appointment with a podiatrist at Health & Style Medical Center.


An ankle sprain is a common injury that occurs when one or more ligaments on your ankle are overstretched or twisted. Any awkward twists or turns may lead to abnormal joint stresses that may cause a sprain or ligament damage as severe as a tear. The ligaments that surround your ankle hold your bones together.

Why Ankle Sprain?

It is most common in people who perform sports activities. All ligaments in your ankle have a certain extent up to which they can move to protect your joints. It causes a sprain when those ligaments are forced to move out of their limits.

The major ligaments of the ankle are the anterior tibiofibular ligament, the lateral collateral ligaments, and the deltoid ligaments. There are mainly two types of ankle sprain such as medial ligament injury and lateral ligament injury. A medial ankle sprain occurs when the deltoid ligament on the inside of the ankle joint is stretched too far. The medial ankle ligaments are sturdy structures on the side of the ankle joint. Based on the severity of the twists or injury, sprains have been classified as mild, moderate, and severe. It is a rare type of ankle injury as the medial ligaments are strong. However, it will take more time to heal than other ankle sprains.

The majority of the ankle sprains are lateral ligament injuries, also known as inversion injuries. Your foot forcefully twists inward and the ligaments are torn due to the rapid shift. This type of injury is most common in sports stars, athletes, and martial artists. They are also prone to chronic ankle sprains as the history of previous injuries and poor care are the main risk factors.

Other risk factors include:

  • Repeated stretching of ligaments due to daily activities
  • Sports activities
  • Poor or incorrectly fitted footwear
  • High Heels
  • Walking through risky surfaces
  • Poor physical strength
  • Any actions or falls that causes your ankle to move out of its normal position

When to see the doctor? : Signs & Symptoms

The primary symptom of an ankle sprain is obvious pain and swelling in the ankle. Putting pressure on your ankle with movement or placing weight will be painful and it may spread around the whole ankle. The signs and symptoms include:

  • Tenderness and bruising
  • Difficulty or uneasiness in movements
  • Stiffness on the affected foot
  • Instability in walking

How can I treat Ankle Sprain? : Treatment options

Treatment options need to be decided on the basis of the severity of injuries on your ankle. Surgeries are not required in most cases unless ligaments are torn completely.

Initial Assessment – In this step, the doctor will conduct a physical examination to study the signs and symptoms. It will be helpful in understanding the severity of the symptoms and injury. The doctor may also use an X-Ray, MRI Scan, or Ultrasound Scan during the initial assessment.

Treatment – The doctor will first educate you on your particular injury and how to manage this. He uses conservative treatments methods include:

  • Ice treatment – helps to reduce inflammation in the affected area.
  • Complete foot care measures – educate you about home treatments and care.
  • Suggest the best shoes and suitable Moon Boots as per your condition.
  • Help with physiotherapy
  • Prescribe non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain.
  • Other options to reduce activity and limit motions
  • Do the regular assessment

According to studies, more than 90% of ankle sprains are treated without surgery. However, the duration of the treatments may vary depends on the type of symptoms and injury.


Health & Style Medical Centre, the first private podiatry practice in Abu Dhabi, aspire to provide the most up to date knowledge and understanding of the lower limb whilst delivering world-class service to our patients with the aid of state of the art Podiatry equipment.

HSMC will do the most effective and advanced treatment for ankle sprains.

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Flat Feet: Types, Symptoms, assessment and Treatment

Flat feet is typically a painless condition or postural deformity in which the arches of your feet are flattening and completely in contact with the ground.

What happens if you have Flat Feet?

The arch of your foot helps to support your body weight and provides stability and balance. People with flat feet condition have a very little arch or no arch as their feet are flattened on the floor. Although it is painless, it can cause pain on your ankles and foot when your leg muscles are overburdened to carry out the functions of the foot arch.

You need to be aware of the fact that not all flat feet are deformities. Some with flat feet condition may not have problems in their lives and daily activities. However, there are some other conditions that are related to flat feet. It could be a reason for the growth of bunions and hammertoes. It can also cause pain in your heel, arch, ankle, knee, hip, and ultimately your lower back.

What causes Flat Feet?

Genetic factors are the most common cause of flat foot as children can have this condition by hereditary. Flat foot caused due to genetic condition cannot be prevented, but we can prevent it from being worse.

According to the studies, the condition of flat feet or fallen arches is most common in infants and children. However, arches can become high or normal as children grow. Your foot arches usually develop during the infant and childhood stages.

Some people have birth deformities like the tarsal coalition that cause flat foot. A tarsal coalition is an unusual connection that grows between two bones within the back of the foot, known as the tarsal bones. This may lead to restricted movement and fallen arches.  Some other rare causes include:

  • Abnormalities in fetal development.
  • Damage to the plantar fascia, the thick tissue that protects foot bones.
  • Wear and tear and getting older
  • Obesity

When to see the doctor? : Signs & Symptoms

The important thing for most people to understand is that not all flat feet need to be treated as long as the condition is not causing any problems for you. But it is strongly recommended to see the doctor if you have flat feet and you are suffering with:

  • Pain in the ankle, knee, or hip.
  • Trouble in walking or body balance
  • Numbness and tingling

How can I treat Flat Feet? : Treatment options

Treatment options need to be decided on the basis of what type of flat feet you have. There are usually two types of fallen arches: functional and structural. In the case of a functional flat foot, your foot is flexible and the arch is visible when it is not on the ground. It becomes flat when you stand and in contact with the ground. Structural flat foot is more complicated as it is a condition due to abnormal foot structure or deformities like a tarsal coalition.

Initial Assessment – The first and most important part of treatment is to decide the need and type of treatment.  In this step, the podiatrist will find whether your condition is a functional flat foot or a structural flat foot. The doctor will:

  • Observe your stance
  • Assess different foot positions
  • Ask questions on signs & symptoms and conditional problems
  • Measurement of feet can be done using a variety of instruments such as Pedoscope, Goniometer (to measure foot angles), and computerized pressure analysis mapping.
  • refer X-Ray or Ultrasound scan

Treatment – The podiatrist will first educate you on your particular condition and how to manage this. Being aware of the abnormality and following conservative care prescribed by the doctor will help you to manage the flat feet and prevent it from getting worse. Podiatrist will:

  • Help you with complete foot care
  • Prescribe strengthening and stretching exercises.
  • Suggest best shoes, insoles orthotics, and other shoe inserts that provides anatomical arch support.
  • Help with physiotherapy
  • Prescribe non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain.
  • Do regular assessment

In severe abnormalities and structural deformities, the podiatrist will recommend surgery. It is rarely needed and will be helpful if conservative care is not worked well. Surgery can be effective if the problem is with your bones, tissues, or muscles. However, a combination of both surgery and conservative foot care can assure you better support to live well with flat feet.


Health & Style Medical Centre, the first private podiatry practice in Abu Dhabi, aspire to provide the most up to date knowledge and understanding of the lower limb whilst delivering world class service to our patients with the aid of state of the art Podiatry equipment.

HSMC will do most effective and advanced treatment for Flat Feet.

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Bunion: Types, Symptoms, assessment, and Treatment

A Bunion is a bony growth normally affecting the big joints of the feet. Genetic factors are being considered as the major cause of bunions.  However, there are some other factors such as types of shoes that you wear, activities, and other injuries that you had in the past that could all influence the occurrence of a bunion. These factors can also cause a small bunion to develop into a larger one.

How to prevent bunions formation?

Generally, there is not a really great answer to this concern. It is always suggested to protect your feet by wearing good shoes and pay attention to any pressure that is being placed on the toe.

Bunions are generally painful and they start off mild and can get worse. It comes in all sorts of sizes and shapes. There are mainly two types of Bunions. One is being formed due to wearing bad shoes. It pushes your big toe over the little toes and the inflammation overtime builds bone. In the other type, you are born with bunions.

The definition of bad shoes has no relation to how expensive your shoes are. Sometimes the most expensive shoes can be worse. You should always need shoes that will fit your foot.

How to Treat Bunions?

As a bunion gets more symptomatic and starts to rub on your shoe that is the time when you should treat it. If a bunion development is found, the treatment starts with easy conservative measures to hopefully avoid it from progressing. But, it is not always successful. Bunions treatment uses different devices like toe sleeves or toe spacers and bunion splints which are used to wrap around the toe to pull it over. Sometimes you need to have surgery that will help to ensure that the bunion is not as much of a problem.  In the case of surgery, the surgeon will try to tailor the particular surgery to the individual as there are many other options. It will involve correcting both alignments of the bones, joints, and even correcting the ligaments.

The recovery time after surgery can be varied depending upon the particular surgery that is being chosen. In some cases, you can use boots or shoes immediately after the surgery to walk. But there are other cases where you have to be very careful to protect the bunion. You are not allowed to wear shoes and walk for the first few weeks until it is safe to do so.

The techniques and the options which correct bunions have grown to the point where fast recoveries are possible with less invasive techniques. At present, bunion recovery is much easier than it has been in the past.


Health & Style Medical Centre, the first private podiatry practice in Abu Dhabi, aspire to provide the most up to date knowledge and understanding of the lower limb whilst delivering world-class service to our patients with the aid of state of the art Podiatry equipment.

HSMC will do the most effective and advanced treatment for Bunions.

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Comprehensive diabetic foot screening and foot care

Foot problems are a critical cause of morbidity in patients with diabetes. Research shows the lifetime chance of a foot ulcer for patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes is very high. A possibly preventable starting event, most regularly minor injury that causes cutaneous damage, can frequently be identified. These perceptions outline the significance of frequent assessment of the feet in patients with diabetes to recognize those at risk for foot ulceration. According to studies, efficient screening examinations for neuropathic and vascular involvement of the lower limits and cautious review of feet may considerably diminish morbidity from foot problems.

Risk Factors

Screening of foot in diabetes is a fundamental portion of the examination carried out by the Podiatry Division. The point of this examination is to decide any risk factors as early as possible. The risk of ulcers or amputations is increased in individuals who have the following risk factors:

  • Previous amputation
  • Previous incident of foot ulcer
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Foot deformities
  • Poor glycemic control
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Diabetic kidney disease (especially patients on dialysis)
  • Visual impairment
  • Peripheral vascular disease (PVD)
  • Pre-ulcerative callus or corn


How does diabetic foot screening work?

A diabetic foot exam thoroughly examines the foot health issues in diabetic patients. The issues incorporate infection, injury, and bone abnormalities. Nerve damage and poor blood circulation are the most common causes of diabetic foot issues. It is strongly recommended that individuals with diabetes must do a foot exam at least once a year. You’ll require an exam more regularly in the event that your feet have any of the indications like Tingling, Numbness, Pain, Burning sensation, Swelling, and walking difficulty.

A diabetic foot exam is usually being done by a podiatrist. A foot doctor who specializes in keeping feet healthy and treating diseases of the feet is known as a podiatrist. The exam usually includes a few step-by-step assessments.

General assessment: Try to know your health history and any problems you’ve had with your feet in the past. Ask questions about your footwear as shoes that don’t fit well or uncomfortable can lead to foot health problems.

Dermatological assessment: This is mainly to check for various skin problems such as dry skin, cracking, calluses, blisters, and ulcers. Examines cracked toenail or fungal infection and a thorough fungal infection check will be done between the toes.

Neurological assessments:  Consist of four other tests such as Monofilament test, Tuning fork and visual perception test (VPT), Pinprick test, and Ankle reflexes test. Monofilament test will check the touch sensitivity of your foot whereas VPT uses a tuning fork against your foot to see if you can feel the vibration. Pinprick test uses a small pin to poke the bottom of your foot to see if you can feel it. During Ankle reflexes test, your reflexes will be tested by tapping your foot with a small reflex hammer.

Musculoskeletal assessment: Examines the shape and structure of your foot and it helps in identifying any abnormalities.

Vascular assessment: It aims to check the proper blood circulation. Doppler ultrasound imaging technology is used to test the blood flow if you have symptoms of poor circulation.

Is there anything more to know?

You don’t require any exclusive preparations for a diabetic foot screening. It is always risk-free to have a diabetic foot exam. If a problem is found, the podiatrist will likely recommend more frequent testing. Other treatments may include antibiotics for foot infections and surgery to help with bone deformities. Though there is no treatment for foot nerve damage, there are treatments that can relieve pain and improve function like skincare creams and physiotherapy.

Diabetic patients are always prone to a serious risk of foot health. However, you can keep your feet healthy to some extend with caring. Always take care of your diabetes and try to keep your blood sugar normal level. It is strongly recommended to do a foot exam at least once a year and increase the frequency of screening if you or your doctor finds a problem. Observe your feet every day to check for any new issues like wounds, sores, ulcers, toenail cracks, and other changes in your feet. This is always helpful to find and address problems early. Keep your feet neat and clean and wearing shoes and socks at all times is advisable. Do not use shoes that are uncomfortable and unfit. Trim your toenails regularly and gently smooth nail edges. Keep your feet away from excess heat and cold. Aware of good blood circulation and let the blood flowing to your feet. You can choose to put your feet up when sitting. Say a big NO to cigarette smoking as it reduces blood flow to the feet and causes slow healing of wounds.

All patients with diabetes and particularly those with high-risk foot conditions and their families should be provided general education about risk factors and appropriate management.

Always remember:

  • Inspect and wash your feet daily
  • Carefully trim nails
  • Wear properly fitting shoes and don’t go barefoot
  • Manage diabetics by having good diet, right exercising, monitoring blood sugar and regularly taking your medications.
  • If you do notice any sores on your feet, see your health care provider as soon as possible.


Health & Style Medical Centre, the first private podiatry practice in Abu Dhabi, aspire to provide the most up to date knowledge and understanding of the lower limb whilst delivering world class service to our patients with the aid of state of the art Podiatry equipment.

HSMC will do most effective and advanced diabetic foot screening.

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